There is immense potential in the fish farming in the rivers and sea areas of India. It also offers great opportunities for employment and self-employment in the view of bio-diversity in the fish farming sector.
Himachal Pradesh is endowed with perennial rivers originated from glaciers. These rivers enrich the hilly and semi-plain areas of the state. Beas, Satluj and Ravi rivers are home to various fishes like schizothorax, golden mahseer and foreign trout species etc.
The successful implementation of ambitious Indo-Norwegian Trout Farming Project has created a keen interest among people to utilize water resources of the state through modern techniques. More anvils were opened for local public to explore fish farming in Gobind Sagar and Pong Dam, Chamera and Ranjit Sagar Dam which is strengthening their economy.
State government is promoting fisheries and allied sector through various schemes. A detail work plan is being prepared to increase income of fishermen by promoting backyard fish farming, cage culture, re-circulatory aquaculture system and other technology based fish farming in the state.
Around 20 hectare new fish ponds will be constructed in private sector in the current financial year. State government has decided to provide a subsidy of 80 percent to escalate earnings of fishermen. As many as 120 new trout units will be constructed to increase the capacity of fisheries sector.
A carp farm will be set at Gagret in Una with an expenditure of Rs. five crore to facilitate training of farmers and other persons associated with fisheries. Total 600 fishermen will be trained every year in this centre. Fishermen dependent on riverine fish living in the plain areas will be provided with 1000 cast nets at subsidy.
Center Government has released Rs. 11.26 crore under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana, which will be utilized to promote various activities of fish farming. State government is boosting fish farming and providing incentives to the fishermen to make it successful.